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HI 101 United States History to 1877 (4)
A survey of the social, economic, political, and constitutional development of the United States through the Reconstruction period.

HI 102 United States History since 1877 (4)
A continuation of 101 looking at developments since Reconstruction.

HI 111 World Civilization I (4)
A survey of the development of world civilizations from antiquity to approximately 1500 A.D. Readings will include many historical documents. Offered fall semesters.

HI 112 World Civilization II (4)
A general survey of the development of world civilizations since approximately 1500 A.D., emphasizing the rise of Europe and the “West” to world power. Readings will include many historical documents. Offered spring semesters.

HI 134 Sex and Sexuality in America (4)
This course explores how concepts of gender, sex, and sexual identity have shifted over time and shaped American history. From the pre-Colonial period to the present, we will consider how Americans understood sexual orientation and gender, as well as masculinity, femininity, and nonbinary identities across diverse cultures. Our goal is to connect these concepts to the broader intersections of social, economic, and political expectations over time.

HI 140 The Sixties in America (4)
The 1960s represent a period of tremendous social, political, economic, and cultural transitions in U.S. History. We will study the historical events that unfolded during this decade, as well as their precedents and lasting effects on the modern United States. We will discuss the contentious issues Americans argued about during the 1960s, and perhaps argue about them again: Cold War, civil rights, Vietnam War, women’s liberation, student movements, drugs. Through course readings, lectures, films, music, and web exhibits, students will learn to critically evaluate historical sources
and arguments.

HI 181 Gods, Monsters, and Sex in East Asia (4)
(See RE 181.)

HI 200 History as High Adventure (1)
This proseminar introduces new and prospective History majors to the art of doing history, asking historical questions, and employing research methods. Readings and discussions will better equip students to succeed in 200- and 300-level history courses, and will provide a strong foundation on which to prepare for their work on the capstone essay. The course is open to all interested students, but declared majors will have priority for  registration and minors are encouraged to participate. HI 200 is required for all History majors. Offered fall semesters.

HI 211 The African American Experience I (4)
This course examines the experiences of African Americans from 1619 to 1877/Reconstruction Era. This course presents African American history both as an integral part of American history, and as a unique subject of historical investigation.

HI 212 The African American Experience II (4)
This course examines the experiences of African Americans since the Reconstruction Era. This course presents African American history both as an integral part of American history, and as a unique subject of historical investigation.

HI 231 Women in U.S. History (4)
From Pocahontas to Hillary Clinton, this broad survey provides an overview of women’s intellectual, political, literary, and material contributions to American society, from the colonial period to the present. This course also offers an introduction to theories of race, class, and gender in historical inquiry.

HI 234 Sex, Science and the Female Body (4)
This course investigates intimate representations of women’s bodies and social constructions of gender throughout American history, in fields such as education, entertainment, and medicine. Students will gain an understanding of how gendered identities and images evolve over time
and play a significant role in ordering our society. Embedded within this course are overviews of theories related to gender, science and technology, embodiment, and cultural identities.

HI 245 History of Sub-Saharan Africa (4)
In this course, we will examine the continent of Africa and its vital place in world history. This class will examine the social, cultural, intellectual, political, and economic happenings that aided in forming the vibrant, diverse, and real history of Africa. Utilizing a variety of sources (written texts, films, art, etc.), you will learn to analyze the material and form supported arguments in class
discussions and your writings.

HI 254 Ordinary People and War: Germany, 1900 to Present (4)
Germany was at the center of the three most destructive wars in history: World War I, World War II, and the Cold War. This course will cover the history of Germany over those times as seen through the eyes of common people: German students on the front in World War I, a small German town experiencing the takeover by the Nazis from the late 1920s to the end of World War II, a sister and brother determined to resist the Nazis, and men and women in Communist East Germany betrayed to the secret police by their friends and even their spouses. We will also examine how Germany responded to its defeat and occupation, and how nationalist movements are rising again in Germany.

HI 256 War to end all Wars: World War I
Selected topics in the political, cultural, and intellectual history of Germany between 1870 and the present. Please see instructor for specific topic.

HI 262 Food and the Environment in US History (4)
In 1782, Thomas Jefferson wrote, “Those who labor in the earth are the chosen people of God,” and declared that democracy could only thrive though the influence of farmers and small town folks. At that time, 90 percent of Americans lived on farms. Today that number stands as less than 2 percent. Yet Jefferson’s ideas, and others like them, have had a tremendous influence on the history of the United States, even as it became an increasingly urban, industrial nation. This course explores the social and political aspects of rural America from the colonial period to the present, covering such topics as daily life in colonial America, the institution of slavery, Westward expansion, and the current decline of small towns across the country.

HI 272 Civil War in the United States (4)
This course is designed to introduce students to the history of the American Civil War and its profound impact on the United States. It focuses on the period from the nullification crisis of 1830 through the end of Reconstruction in 1877 and takes as its central theme, an in-depth exploration of the concept of freedom for nineteenth-century Americans. To that end, we will discuss national debates concerning slavery, the politics of the 1850s, and the creation of Southern nationalism, paying particular attention to concepts of freedom and nationality. It also examines the military, economic, and social aspects of the war, the process of emancipation, and the role of African Americans in these events. Finally, this course concludes with an exploration into the Reconstruction era and its legacy for race and gender issues, as well as politics and economics.

HI 276 Museum Studies (4)
Why do we have museums? What do museums do? Are museums relevant or necessary in a digital world? This course will engage students with a foundation in the museum field, exploring the role of museums in society today by exploring their past and contemplating their future. Students will discover the behind-the-scenes of museums, gaining insight into current practices and debates from class discussions, visiting experts, hands-on class activities, and site visits. Students will gain an understanding of the range of skills and expertise needed in this varied career field by investigating the history and philosophy of museums; the social, economic, and political context that shapes museums; and the main operating functions of museums – collection and care of objects, exhibits, interpretation, education, and governance.

HI 277 Public History (4)
How is the past remembered? How do we get our ideas about history outside the traditional classroom? How do venues like museums shape how we understand past? Public history, or applied history, refers to history that you find in public spaces outside of the pages of academic journals and beyond college walls. We encounter examples of public history every day through exhibits, performances, walking tours, visits to historic sites, books, film, etc. This introductory course familiarizes students with examples of public history, with a focus on community engagement, unique hands-on experiences, and service hours with community partners. Through course readings, activities, guest speakers, and site visits, students learn how the study of history may be applied in public fields. Potential community partners include the Findley Congressional Office Museum, the Khalaf Al Habtoor Archives at Illinois College, the Prairie Land Heritage Center, the Governor Duncan Mansion, the Heritage Cultural Center Museum, etc.

HI 279 Archival Methods (4)
This course takes students into the archives to explore both practical archival methodologies, as well as the ethical, political, and historical aspects of creating and maintaining archives in public and private institutions. In addition to completing course readings and discussions, students will work in the Khalaf Al Habtoor Archives at Illinois Colleges, gaining hands on experience in accessions and assessment of archival materials, processing collections, appraising rare books, and providing patron access.

HI 291 Reason and Terror: The Enlightenment, the French Revolution, and the Birth of Modern Politics (4)
In the 1700s, writers and philosophers in Europe championed a new movement called the Enlightenment, dedicated to religious tolerance, individual liberty, and human rights. But the 1700s ended with the French Revolution, the Reign of Terror, and wars of unprecedented destructiveness. How did that happen? Is there a connection between Enlightenment and violence, reason and terror? History 291 seeks an answer by reading major Enlightenment writers and French Revolution documents to search for connections between the Enlightenment and the Revolution.

HI 292 Modern Europe since 1789
Survey of modern European history from the French Revolution to the present, focusing especially on the theme of the tension between the rise of democracy and the development of repressive and totalitarian governments in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Special attention will be  given to the French Revolution, the Industrial Revolution, the rise of movements seeking political, social, and legal equality for workers, minorities, and women, the rise and decline of Imperialism, and the rise of and resistance to Fascism, Nazism, and Soviet Communism. The readings and assignments will emphasize how cultural products (art, music, and literature) express the experiences of individual men and women in these turbulent centuries.

HI 300 Making History (4)
What do historians do? This course offers students an introduction to historiography — the history of historical writings and methods. Students will learn the major approaches to writing history since 1700, concentrating especially on the period since 1900, and students will apply their knowledge by developing a personal historical research project. Offered spring semesters.

HI 306 The Gilded Age and Progressive Era (4)
This course will explore the last decades of the 19th century coined by Mark Twain as the Gilded Age. Rather than an age of prosperity and positive growth, Twain believed the period was besmirched with corruption and inequality—particularly enormous wealth for the few, and massive poverty for the vast majority of the American population. This class examines the social inequalities of this period by focusing on race, class, and gender.

HI 313 American Slavery (4)
Covers the history and development of slavery and the process of emancipation in the United States. Examines the economic, social, legal, political, and cultural characteristics of American slavery, how these evolved, and how the institution grew in the Atlantic world. The South became the primary location for the development of slavery in the U.S., although other states and colonies actively shaped the institution as well, and the history of slavery in the South followed a different  trajectory from other societies in the Americas. Also explores the development of emancipation from the colonial period to the end of the Civil War, including self liberation, slave resistance, compensated emancipation, the anti-slavery and abolition movement, and colonization projects.

HI 325 Love and War in Ancient Greece and Rome (4)
The Greeks and Romans created models of politics, culture, and life that still influence societies. This course focuses on reading primary sources by Greek and Roman authors to understand their views of war and death, love and sex, men and women, and power and corruption. Among the readings are classics that have endured for more than 2,000 years, which range from the tragedy of Achilles facing death in Homer’s Iliad, to the comedy of Greek women stopping a war with a sex strike in Aristophanes’ Lysistrata, and to the epic of the founding of Rome and its human cost in
Virgil’s Aeneid.

HI 341 Social Movements in U.S. History (4)
An exploration of social movements throughout U.S. history. This course explores the roots of varied movements in economic, social, and political conditions, and the effects of reform efforts. Consult instructor for specific topic. Prior completion of HI 101 or 102, or junior standing recommended.

HI 358 The Holocaust (4)
An introduction to Nazi Germany’s systematic attempt to murder the Jews of Europe. Special focus on the mentality of the killers and issues of moral responsibility. Readings will include many documents from the period Prerequisite: junior standing or consent of instructor. Offered spring semesters.

HI 379 Digital History (4)
This course explores the applications of digital tools to public history. Students will consider the ethical and methodological challenges of digital history, as well as the various tools of the trade, including databases, websites, crowdsourcing, text analysis, GIS, and digitization hardware.
Integrated with the existing resources in Schewe Library, including the Digital Learning Center, the GIS Lab, and the Kahlaf Al Habtoor Archives, students will complete hands-on projects that may include digitization projects, the creation of a website or mobile app, managing a collection on
SharedShelf, or completing a research project using the GIS Lab.

HI 420, 421 Seminar in History (4, 4)
Seminar devoted to special topic or theme, with individual research by participants. Prerequisite: consent of the instructor. Offered on demand.

HI 461, 462 Independent Study in History (1 - 4)
Independent reading or study in an area of particular interest to the student. Prerequisites: B average and consent of the instructor. Offered as needed.

HI 463, 464 Internship in History (1 - 4)
Students serve as interns in such institutions as the Illinois State Museum in Springfield, Illinois, for approximately 120 hours and keep a journal of their work.

HI 465, 466 Independent Research in History (1 - 4)

HI 485 Senior Seminar (4)
A capstone seminar bringing together all Senior majors to write senior essays on topics of their own choosing, advised by a member of the History faculty. This is a required senior experience and is open only to history majors. Offered fall semesters.