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Biology

Several concentrations are available through the Department of Biology. These include Biology/Ecology, Biology/Physiology, 3-2 Biology/Occupational Therapy, and 3-1 Biology/Medical Technology.

Details of these programs are described below. Also, Illinois College has affiliation agreements with other schools for students interested in nursing. For additional information on each of these schools, check out the Nursing page.

BIOLOGY MAJOR

The introductory Biology program for majors (BI 110) serves as a solid preparation for more advanced study and is a prerequisite for any advanced courses. The second tier of the Biology program includes required courses of Molecular Genetics (BI 207) and Ecology and Evolution (BI 238). Students must also complete a minimum of four Biology courses numbered 200 or higher, including at least one from each of the following categories:

I. Organismal Biology

  • BI 201 Botany
  • BI 205 Invertebrate Zoology
  • BI 206 Vertebrate Zoology
  • BI 208 Developmental Biology
  • BI 245 Microbiology
  • BI 318 Algae and Fungi
  • BI 328 Animal Behavior
  • BI 342 Parasitology
  • BI 350 Entomology

II. Cellular and Molecular Biology

  • BI 208 Developmental Biology
  • BI 245 Microbiology
  • BI 307 Cell and Molecular Biology
  • BI 310 Immunology
  • BI 311 Virology
  • BI 367 Advanced Molecular Biology

III. Systems Biology

  • BI 315 Anatomy and Physiology I
  • BI 316 Anatomy and Physiology II
  • BI 321 Mammalian Histology
  • BI 324 Ecological Interactions
  • BI 325 Tropical Ecology*
  • BI 326 Marine Biology*
  • BI 332 Aquatic Biology * Trip course. Additional fees assessed.

In the senior year, all majors complete the program by enrolling in the capstone sequence: Research and Analysis I (BI 401) and II (BI 402). A major in Biology requires a total of 32 credit hours at or above the 200-level.

Students should complete as many of the following tool courses as possible before enrolling in 200-300 level courses. Math: MA 133 is required for the major; MA 123 and MA 213 are highly recommended. Three chemistry courses from the following list are required for the major: CH 110, CH 203, CH 204, CH 211, and CH 309. Two physics courses are required for the major—PY 225 and 226.

Students who are interested in secondary teaching certification in biology should consult with the Department of Education as soon as possible to fulfill specific requirements for certification.

A major in biochemistry is also available. Refer to the Biochemistry page for details.

A minor in Biology can be met by taking BI 110, CH110, and sixteen hours of Biology or Bio-health courses numbered 200 and above.

For information on the Human Performance minor, visit the HP page for details.


BIOLOGY MAJOR – ECOLOGY CONCENTRATION
The ecology concentration within the biology major is intended for students interested in conservation biology, ecology, or environmental biology. To complete the biology major with a concentration in ecology, students take the three required Biology core courses (BI 110, BI 207, and BI 238), required tool courses in Chemistry (three courses chosen from CH 110, CH 203, CH 204, CH 211, and CH 309), PY 225, and one of PY 226, EV 111, or EV 224, and complete the biology capstone sequence (BI 401 and BI 402) in their final year. MA 123 is strongly recommended; MA 133 is a prerequisite for CH 110 but is not required for the major.

Additionally, students in the ecology concentration choose four Biology electives:

  • Two Organismal Biology Courses from this list:
    • BI 201 Botany
    • BI 206 Vertebrate Zoology
    • BI 245 Microbiology
    • BI 318 Algae and Fungi
    • BI 350 Entomology
  • Two Ecology Courses from this list:
    • BI 324 Ecological Interactions
    • BI 325 Tropical Ecology*
    • BI 326: Marine Biology*
    • BI 328: Animal Behavior
    • EV 355: Field and Research Methods in Ecology *Trip course. Additional fees assessed.

BIOLOGY WITH CLINICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE (3-1)
Illinois College has been affiliated with St. John’s Hospital Laboratory Schools since 1985. Students who wish to pursue a career in clinical laboratory science (medical technology) may complete the prerequisite courses at Illinois College in three years and apply for admission to the St. John’s Hospital Laboratory Schools for the professional year. After the successful completion of the fourth year of study, students are awarded the bachelor’s degree in biology from Illinois College.

Students who are interested in the 3-1 program complete most of the biology major requirements, plus extra chemistry. Specific courses required for the 3-1 program include the following: BI 110 (Biological Investigation); BI 245 (Microbiology); BI 310 (Immunology); BI 315, 316 (Anatomy and Physiology I and II); and two courses from the following: BI 205 (Invertebrate Zoology); BI 206 (Vertebrate Zoology); BI 207 (Molecular Genetics); BI 208 (Developmental); BI 307 (Cell and Molecular); or BI 342 (Parasitology). Required chemistry courses include: CH 110 (General Chemistry), CH 203 (Organic I); CH 211 (Quantitative Analysis); and CH 309 (Biochemistry I). PY 225, 226 (College Physics I and II) are strongly recommended, as is MA 123 (Statistics).

Students who opt to finish their degree at Illinois College before entering a professional program in clinical laboratory science may complete their biology major in the fourth year by completing BI 207 (Molecular Genetics); BI 238 (Ecology and Evolution); one other course; BI 401, 402 (Research and Analysis I, II); and PY 225, 226 (College Physics I and II). They may then apply to any professional program in clinical laboratory science in the U.S. For further information, contact the Biology department chair.

BIOLOGY WITH OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY (3-2)
Illinois College has been affiliated with the Program in Occupational Therapy at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Mo., since 1986. Students may complete three years of prescribed study at Illinois College and then apply for admission to either the M.S. program (two years of study) or the new clinical doctorate program (3 years of study) at Washington University.

After the first year of professional study, the student will receive the B.S. in Biology from Illinois College and graduate with the rest of the senior class.

Illinois College students who are interested in the 3-2 or 3-3 Biology/Occupational Therapy program must fulfill most of the requirements for the Biology major, including the following: BI 110 (Biological Investigation); BI 208 (Developmental), BI 245 (Microbiology); and BI 315, 316 (Anatomy and Physiology I and II). CH 110 (General Chemistry), CH 211 (Quantitative Analysis) and MA 133 (Introduction to Functions, or higher) are also required. Other prerequisite courses for entry into the Washington University Program in Occupational Therapy include PS 275 or 276, PS 346, an additional social science course, and MA 123.

Students may also opt to complete the Biology major in a fourth year by enrolling in BI 207 (Molecular Genetics); BI 238 (Ecology and Evolution); CH 203 (Organic Chemistry I); PY 225, 226 (College Physics I and II); and BI 401, 402 (Research and Analysis I, II). Students with a bachelor’s degree may apply to any occupational therapy program in the U.S. For further information, contact the Biology department chair.

BIOLOGY MAJOR - PHYSIOLOGY CONCENTRATION
The physiology concentration within the biology major is intended for students interested in applications of biological concepts to human health.

To complete the biology major with a concentration in physiology, students take the three required Biology core courses (BI 110, BI 207, and BI 238), BI 315 and BI316 Anatomy and Physiology I & II, and complete the biology capstone sequence (BI 401 and BI 402) in their final year. Additionally, students in the Physiology concentration of the biology major must complete four semesters of Chemistry or Physics courses, including at least one semester of each, selected from the following list: CH 110, CH 203, CH 204, CH 211, CH 309, PY 225 and PY 226. MA 123 is strongly recommended; MA133 is a prerequisite for CH110 but is not required for the major.

Additionally, students in the Physiology concentration choose two Biology electives from the following list:

  • BI 208 Developmental Biology
  • BI 245 Microbiology
  • BI 307 Cell and Molecular Biology
  • BI 310 Immunology
  • BI 311 Virology
  • BI 342 Parasitology
  • BH 340 Kinesiology and Physiology of Exercise

Students completing the Physiology Concentration may also find BH 225 Nutrition and BI 260 Issues in International Health helpful. Students preparing for specific graduate health professions training should consult the target programs and their advisors to select additional coursework as necessary.


The minor in Human Performance consists of 24 hours and includes:

Required Courses (12 hours)

  • BI 107: Human Biology OR BI 110: Biological Investigation
  • BH 225: Nutrition
  • BH 335: Personal Wellness and Fitness

Electives (12 hours—choose three courses):

  • BH 340: Kinesiology and Physiology of Exercise
  • BH 463/464: Internship
  • BI 315: Anatomy and Physiology I
  • BI 316: Anatomy and Physiology II
  • EP 232: Motor Skills and Basic Movement
  • EP 305: Organization and Administration of Physical Education and Athletics
  • EP 308: Athletic Injuries and First Aid
  • SO 280: Sociology of Sport

Students planning to pursue graduate work in the health professions and/or special certifications (Physical Therapy, Athletic Trainer, etc.) should take BI 315 and BI 316 and should strongly consider majoring in Biology with a concentration in Physiology.
*BH 240: Strength and Conditioning is offered every other spring semester.