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Biology

The courses in the Department of Biology are designed to give students an understanding of modern biology as part of a liberal arts education and to prepare students for both employment and graduate/professional study in the discipline.

A major in Biology requires 32 credit hours in Biology courses plus 20 hours in designated tool courses. Several concentrations are available through the Department of Biology. These include:

  • Biology/ Ecology
  • Biology/Physiology
  • 3-2 Biology/Occupational Therapy
  • 3-1 Biology/Medical Technology

Details of these programs are described below. Please note, No courses in which a student earns a final grade below a C- will be counted as meeting major or
minor requirements.

BIOLOGY MAJOR

The introductory Biology program for majors (BI 110) serves as a solid preparation for more advanced study and is a prerequisite for any advanced courses. The second tier of the Biology program includes required courses of Molecular Genetics (BI 207) and Ecology and Evolution (BI 238). Students must also complete a minimum of four Biology courses numbered 200 or higher, including at least one from each of the following categories:

I. Organismal Biology

  • BI 201 Botany
  • BI 206 Vertebrate Zoology
  • BI 208 Developmental Biology
  • BI 245 Microbiology
  • BI 318 Algae and Fungi
  • BI 328 Animal Behavior
  • BI 342 Parasitology
  • BI 350 Entomology

II. Cellular and Molecular Biology

  • BI 208 Developmental Biology
  • BI 245 Microbiology
  • BI 307 Cell and Molecular Biology
  • BI 310 Immunology
  • BI 311 Virology

III. Systems Biology

  • BI 315 Anatomy and Physiology I
  • BI 316 Anatomy and Physiology II
  • BI 324 Ecological Interactions
  • BI 325 Tropical Ecology*
  • BI 326 Marine Biology*
  • BI 332 Aquatic Biology

* Trip course. Additional fees assessed.

In the senior year, all majors complete the program by enrolling in one of the capstone options offered in Biology:

  • The two semester sequence of Research and Analysis I (BI 401) and II (BI 402),
  • HS 402 for students interested in the Health Sciences or who need a one semester capstone experience, or
  • BI 404 for students who have conducted research with faculty in Biology

Students should complete as many of the following tool courses as possible before enrolling in 200-300 level courses. Math: MA 133 is required for CH 110; MA 123 and MA 213 are highly recommended. Three chemistry courses from the following list are required for the major: CH 110, CH 203, CH 304, CH 231, CH 211, and CH 309.

Additionally, students must take two quantitative electives from the following list:

  • CS 160, CS 170, MA 201, MA 213, MA 223, PY 225, and/or PY 226.

BIOLOGY MAJOR – ECOLOGY CONCENTRATIONThe ecology concentration within the biology major is intended for students interested in conservation biology, ecology, or environmental biology. To complete the biology major with a concentration in ecology, students take the three required Biology core courses (BI 110, BI 207, and BI 238), complete a biology capstone course (BI 401 and BI 402 or BI 404) in their final year, and choose a total of four electives from two categories:

Two Organismal Biology Courses from this list:

  • BI 201 Botany
  • BI 206 Vertebrate Zoology
  • BI 245 Microbiology
  • BI 318 Algae and Fungi
  • BI 350 Entomology
  • BI 342 Parisitology

Two Ecology Courses from this list:

  • BI 324 Ecological Interactions
  • BI 325 Tropical Ecology*
  • BI 326: Marine Biology*
  • BI 328: Animal Behavior

* Trip course. Additional fees assessed.

Student majoring in biology with an ecology concentration must also take the required tool courses in Chemistry (three courses chosen from CH 110, CH 203, CH 304, CH 211, CH 231, and CH 309) and two quantitative electives from the following list: CS 160, CS 170, MA 201, MA 213, MA 223, PY 225, and/or PY 226.

MA 123 is strongly recommended; MA 133 is a prerequisite for CH 110 but is not required for the major.

BIOLOGY WITH CLINICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE (3-1)
Clinical Laboratory Science is an excellent career option for students with strong laboratory skills who do not wish to pursue lengthy graduate study. Clinical Laboratory Science professionals play a critical role in health care although they may rarely have direct patient contact.

Students who wish to pursue a career in clinical laboratory science (medical technology) may complete the prerequisite courses at Illinois College in three years and apply for admission to the OSF Healthcare St. Francis Medical Center for the professional year. After successful completion of the fourth year of study at OSF, students will earn a Bachelor of Science degree in Biology with a concentration in Physiology and a certificate in clinical laboratory science/medical laboratory technician from OSF. To earn a B.S. in Health Sciences after successful completion of the professional year, students must also complete two psychology courses at Illinois College: PS 101 Intro to Psychology and either PS 276 Lifespan and Development or PS 346 Abnormal Psychology.

To be eligible for the professional year, students must complete the following at Illinois College:

  • BI 110 Biological Investigation
  • BI 207 Molecular Genetics
  • BI 215 Medical Terminology (1 credit)
  • BI 245 Microbiology
  • BI 310 Immunology
  • BI 315 Anatomy and Physiology I
  • BI 316 Anatomy and Physiology II
  • CH 110 General Chemistry
  • CH 203 Organic Chemistry I
  • MA 123 Elementary Statistics
  • MA 133 Precalculus

Students must complete an additional two courses in chemistry chosen from the following:

  • CH 211 Quantitative Analysis
  • CH 304 Organic Chemistry II
  • CH 309 Biochemistry I

PY 225 College Physics I is strongly suggested but not required for admission to the professional year.

Students who chose to complete the B.S. in Biology with a concentration in Physiology during a fourth year at Illinois College must complete BI 238 Evolution and Ecology, one quantitative elective (see list under the biology major) and also complete a capstone course in Biology (BI 401 and BI 402, HS 402, or BI 404).

Students who chose to complete the B.S. in Health Sciences during a fourth year at Illinois College must complete HS 402 Health Sciences Senior Seminar or the Interdisciplinary Capstone IS 485: A Liberal Arts Survival Guide and a social science/humanities elective from the list on page 92, in addition to the two psychology courses mentioned above.

Students complete at least 90 credit hours at Illinois College. They will transfer back credits from OSF to reach the 120-credit minimum for graduation (at most 30 credits back from OSF).

Courses taken at OSF will be:

  • CLS 410 Clinical Chemistry I
  • CLS 412 Clinical Chemistry II
  • CLS 420 Clinical Hematology
  • 32COURSES OF INSTRUCTION
  • CLS 430 Clinical Hematosis
  • CLS 440 Clinical Immunohematology
  • CLS 450 Clinical Immunology
  • CLS 460 Clinical Microbiology I
  • CLS 462 Clinical Microbiology II
  • CLS 470 Selected Topics in CLS
  • CLS 480 Management and Education

Courses will transfer back to cover senior capstone in biology or health sciences, an additional elective, and for completion of credits to graduate.

BIOLOGY WITH OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY (3-2)
Illinois College has been affiliated with the Program in Occupational Therapy at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Mo., since 1986. Students may complete three years of prescribed study at Illinois College and then complete either the M.S. program (two years of study) or the new clinical doctorate program (3 years of study) at Washington University. After the first year of professional study, the student will receive the B.S. in Biology from Illinois College and graduate with the rest of the senior class.

Illinois College students who are interested in the 3-2 or 3-3 Biology/Occupational Therapy program must fulfill most of the requirements for the Biology major, including the following: BI 110 (Biological Investigation); BI 245 (Microbiology); and BI 315, 316 (Anatomy and Physiology I and II). CH 110 (General Chemistry), CH 211 (Quantitative Analysis) and MA 133 ( Precalculus, or higher) are also required. Other prerequisite courses for entry into the Washington University Program in Occupational Therapy include PS 275 or 276, PS 346, an additional social science course, and MA 123.

Students may also opt to complete the Biology major in a fourth year by enrolling in BI 207 (Molecular Genetics); BI 238 (Ecology and Evolution); CH 203 (Organic Chemistry I); BI 401, 402 (Research and Analysis I, II) or HS 402, and completing two quantitative electives (see list under the biology major). Students with a bachelor’s degree may apply to any occupational therapy program in the U.S. For further information, contact the Biology department chair or pre-health professions advisor.

BIOLOGY MAJOR - PHYSIOLOGY CONCENTRATION
The physiology concentration within the biology major is intended for students interested in applications of biological concepts to human health.

To complete the biology major with a concentration in physiology, students take the three required Biology core courses (BI 110, BI 207, and BI 238), BI 315 and BI316 Anatomy and Physiology I & II, and complete a biology capstone (BI 401 and BI 402, HS 402, or BI404) in their final year. Additionally, students in the Physiology concentration of the biology major must complete a total of four semesters of Chemistry and quantitative elective courses, including at least one semester of each. The chemistry courses available are: CH 110, CH 203, CH 304, CH 211, CH 231, and CH 309. The quantitative electives available are: CS 160, CS 170, MA 201, MA 213, MA223, PY 225, and/or PY 226.

MA 123 is strongly recommended; MA133 is a prerequisite for CH110 but is not required for the major.

Additionally, students in the Physiology concentration choose two Biology electives from the following list:

  • BI 208 Developmental Biology
  • BI 245 Microbiology
  • BI 307 Cell and Molecular Biology
  • BI 310 Immunology
  • BI 311 Virology
  • BI 342 Parasitology
  • KI 340 Exercise Physiology

Students completing the Physiology Concentration may also find KI 225 Nutrition helpful.
Students preparing for specific graduate health professions training should consult the target programs and their advisors to select additional coursework as necessary.

GENDER AND WOMEN’S STUDIES CERTIFICATE IN BIOLOGY
Students may complete coursework and an experiential learning component that focuses on the role of gender in Biology. Students who wish to pursue the certificate should contact the Gender and Women’s Studies coordinator and consult with the BI 207 instructor. The following is required:

  • Two of the following courses: GW 101, GW 102, GW 110
  • BI 207 (students must complete the prerequisite course(s) to enroll in BI 207): students would choose a gender-related topic for the major literature review project in BI207.
  • An internship or research experience (2-4 credits) that allows students to gain experience in their discipline, with the academic component having students apply Gender Studies’ texts, topics, and theories to their practical work.

Students who are interested in secondary teaching certification in biology should consult with the Department of Education as soon as possible to fulfill specific requirements for certification.

A minor in Biology can be met by taking BI 110, CH 110, and sixteen hours of Biology or Bio-health courses numbered 200 and above.


The minor in Human Performance consists of 24 hours and includes:

Required Courses (12 hours)

  • BI 107: Human Biology OR BI 110: Biological Investigation
  • BH 225: Nutrition
  • BH 335: Personal Wellness and Fitness

Electives (12 hours—choose three courses):

  • BH 340: Kinesiology and Physiology of Exercise
  • BH 463/464: Internship
  • BI 315: Anatomy and Physiology I
  • BI 316: Anatomy and Physiology II
  • EP 232: Motor Skills and Basic Movement
  • EP 305: Organization and Administration of Physical Education and Athletics
  • EP 308: Athletic Injuries and First Aid
  • SO 280: Sociology of Sport

Students planning to pursue graduate work in the health professions and/or special certifications (Physical Therapy, Athletic Trainer, etc.) should take BI 315 and BI 316 and should strongly consider majoring in Biology with a concentration in Physiology.
*BH 240: Strength and Conditioning is offered every other spring semester.